Google celebrated the 45th anniversary of Chipko Movement by uploading a doodle on its homepage on Monday.
Started in the 1970s, Chipko Movement is a non-violent movement for conservation of forest. It got its name after people embraced trees to protect it from being cut.
The original Chipko Movement dates back to 1730 AD in Rajasthan. Trees were being cut on the order of Jodhpur King. People from the Bishnoi community opposed the cutting of trees by hugging them. Following the protest, the King gave a royal decree and prevented the cutting of trees in Bishnoi villages.
At least 383 people from 84 villages sacrificed their lives to protect Khejri trees.
The word ‘Chipko’ means ‘to stick’.
The modern India Chipko Movement started in April 1973 in the village of Mandal, Uttar Pradesh. It spread to other Himalayan districts of the state within a span of five years.
The movement was triggered by a government decision to cut forest for a sports good company. The villagers were angered by the move; they formed circles around trees to prevent them from being cut.
Activists include Chandi Prasad Bhatt and Sunderlal Bahuguna.
Bahuguna a notable activist appealed the Prime of India, Indira Gandhi to stop chopping of trees in 1980. It saw a ban on cutting of trees for next 15 years.
Today’s Doodle showed a group of women hugging trees in a forest under the moonlight to prevent men from cutting them. In fact, the entire movement was headed by women participants. It gives awareness about deforestation.